A sweet, red, barbecued pork that is popular in Cantonese Chinese cooking. Often made with pork shoulder, char siu is marinated in a combination of honey, five-spice powder, soy sauce, fermented tofu, hoisin sauce, and rice wine. Red food coloring and maltose give the pork its glazed, red appearance. The resulting pork is tender on the inside, with a caramelized outer coating. Char sui is often prepared as a filling inside bao (Chinese steamed buns, the classic dim sum dish), or served atop rice, ramen, or stir-fried noodles.
Other spellings of this dish include chashao, cha siu, char sui, or char siew.