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DSM-V Updates

6 New Psychological Disorders

While most psychologists would rather talk about what's right with you than what's wrong, the DSM (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders) is vital to practicing, researching, and teaching psychology. It adds structure and standards to a very subjective field, and it is now being updated for the first time since 1994.

These new disorders, or newly named disorders, will become part of our vernacular over the next decade. They'll be accused of being overdiagnosed or underdiagnosed, and there will be book after book with their names in the titles. It's a good time to go domain-name shopping! Let's see what they are.

  • Hypersexual disorder: A new diagnosis for people who engage in sexual fantasies and behavior as a response to depression, or repeatedly indulge without regard for the emotional repercussions for themselves or others.
  • Binge-eating disorder: Binge eating, but not obesity, is getting its own diagnosis under the eating-disorder umbrella, which also houses anorexia and bulimia. Night-eating syndrome and the poorly named "recurrent purging in the absence of binge eating" are also being considered.
  • Addiction disorder: "Substance abuse" and "dependence" are being thrown out in favor of "disorder."

To see the other three,

.

  • Intellectual disability: Considering the word "retarded" has been politically incorrect for my whole life, changing "mental retardation" to "intellectual disability" seems long overdo.
  • Gambling addiction: It will be considered a "behavioral addiction." Internet addiction was also considered, but research on it was ultimately deemed insufficient.
  • Hoarding disorder: It's not official, but it sounds like hoarders may be getting their day. Hoarding is being considered for the DSM-V, but task members are not yet sure where to place it. Either way, we're glad Lindsay Lohan has opened her door and our minds to this illness.

The DSM-V won't be out until May 2013, but the American Psychological Association has a sneak peek on its website that's open for public comment until April 20. Are you surprised by any additions or omissions?


Source: Flickr User emdot

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Monique-Marie427757 Monique-Marie427757 5 years
I know a lot of people say negative things about the psychology world, but the reason why I wanted to join the world of psychology was to help people understand it better. I know there are people out there that are diagnosed incorrectly, but the same can be said about physical health. Mental health does not get the reconginition it needs and is still looked down upon. I feel that if people work on their mental health more then their physical health could also improve.
Bettye-Wayne Bettye-Wayne 6 years
'Intellectual Disability' seems like a joke to me, sort of like 'vertically challenged.' I thought the correct term was 'learning disabled.' I have to say, GlowingMoon, no offense, but I don't agree with you at all. I've loved Jon Stewart since Craig Kilborne quit, but Jon Stewart is a comedian. He was joking when he said that. You're a navigation 'tard and a driving 'tard because you don't try. Please don't mock the learning disabled. They're doing the best they can with what they've been given. It's ridiculous that you got flagged, though. Long live free speech! Hoarding is a real disorder. Lindsay Lohan is a fool and I don't care how messy her closet is. I'm glad addiction disorder has been added. I have a chemically dependent family member, and disorder is the only way to sum up some of his actions.
MissSushi MissSushi 6 years
Ugh, my ex had a serious problem with binge eating and the few people i told treated me like i was insane, especially since he was very naturally skinny. The man was eating us out of house and home with foods that don't keep you full long like sugary cereal. He was eating excessively, we literally couldn't afford to buy for how he was eating. He wanted to eat a bowl or two of cereal every single night after dinner and right before bed, and would become really angry if i protested. He just got the growing boy comments.. right.
CaterpillarGirl CaterpillarGirl 6 years
good lord can we be more PC? intellectual disability? sorry i am still going to say mentally handicapped.
GlowingMoon GlowingMoon 6 years
OMG, my post got flagged. :)
GlowingMoon GlowingMoon 6 years
As far as "retarded," I'm still keeping that in my language, political incorrectness notwithstanding. I'm with the school that says that "retarded" is someone who is able-minded who is acting retarded (Was it Jon Stewart who said this? Perhaps. I don't recall). Someone who is mentally-disabled is NOT retarded. They're mentally-disabled. There's a difference. I'm old enough to remember when "retarded" was okay to use once (in the situation I described). Personally, I still think it's okay to use it that way, and I still do. Incidentally, I use the word "retard" to describe myself, too. I've self-described as a driving 'tard, navigation 'tard, etc. :)
xxstardust xxstardust 6 years
I thought "recurrent purging without binge eating" was simply considered to be a subtype of anorexia? I'm fairly sure that was the way things were handled when I was diagnosed. Interesting to see it placed in it's own category.
runningesq runningesq 6 years
I wonder if there is a name for hiding behind "Anon" on the internet, @7. Anyhow, these aren't about "political correctness" -- they are about giving names (and entries in the DSM) to real disorders. It's also often about insurance (what will and will not be covered). And I'm sorry, Anon, your phychology degree is from what school ?
noxcatt noxcatt 6 years
oh i was being sarcastic about lohan, I can think that most celebrities have tons of stuff, thats fine but dont make it out to be a disorder. im sure she just needs outlets for media attention and im sure some of those tabloids didnt mind paying her for images of her "distasterous lifestyle" to put in their magazines.
pink-elephant pink-elephant 6 years
They were telling us about the DSM scheduled to be updated in some of our classes, just the other day...So it's nice to read about some of those.
runningesq runningesq 6 years
Lohan is not a hoarder. She's a lazy girl with too much free sh*t
noxcatt noxcatt 6 years
its good that they are finally updating it. My boyfriends mom is a hoarder and seeing it first hand I can see how serious of a problem it is with the link to depression and the fact that it truly is a mental crutch to hold on to all the stuff. We try to get her to sort it slowly but its a loooong process. Im glad that its being recognized. Regardless of how serious lindseys is. Im sure its hard for her to let go of all the designer stuff she gets for free.
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