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Now You Know: Darfur Conflict in Sudan

At least 200,000 people have died, and more than 2.5 million have been displaced as a result of the Darfur conflict in Sudan. In 2004, the Sudanese government troops, as well as independent, Arab, pro-government militias, began targeting discontent rebel forces and the black African population. The rebels sought to resist a Muslim central government, accusing them of neglecting the black African residents of the region in favor of the Arabs. It's thought that the government supports one of the militia groups fighting against the rebels, the Janjaweed, known for brutal acts of theft, rape, and slaughter, though the government denies this link. Since the beginning of this conflict, the region's black population has been the target of unthinkable atrocities and destruction carried out by the Arab, pro-government militias.

While international leaders condemned the government's campaigns as genocide and called for the presence of United Nations peacekeepers, the Sudanese government resisted UN forces. On May 29, 2007, President Bush announced that Sudan would suffer new unilateral sanctions. Three weeks later, Sudan reached a deal with the UN to allow a force of 20,000 troops to bolster the struggling 7,000 member African Union (AU) force. But things have not gone well for the UN/AU peacekeepers. Just this month, rebels open fired on a UN/AU supply convoy.

Some believe the situation has moved from genocide to anarchy. Save Darfur, a leading advocacy group, does not see it that way. They believe that the conditions in Darfur are not evidence of an end to genocide and the onset of a new war—but are instead echoes of genocide. And where are they getting the weapons? A lot of them are supplied by China. How? Well,

.

According to the New York Times, Amnesty International USA reports that:

In exchange for access to Sudanese oil, Beijing is financing, diplomatically protecting and supplying the arms for the first genocide of the 21st century. China is the largest arms supplier to Sudan, officially selling $83 million in weapons, aircraft and spare parts to Sudan in 2005.

This summer, the 2008 Olympics may be the stage for protests at Chinese embassies, and athletes and spectators may call attention to the genocide, too.

For more information on Darfur, check out these sites:

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minaminamina minaminamina 8 years
onabanana, your comment about the Western world divided the continent and ethnicities within the continent is absolutely on point - I agree with you one hundred percent. Africa would never have been so ripe for conquering if it wasn't for the past 500 years of plundering on the part of Westerners - Africa used to be the home to the most powerful and richest nations in the world.
nyaradzom2001 nyaradzom2001 8 years
ona I'm definitely blaming Mugabe but I think if he lost the support of hes "look-east policy" he would have no choice but to step down, honestly the only thing that's ben propping that monster up is money from china. He had weapons which he paraded up and down the streets and nerve gas which he at one time threatened to use if people rioted from china. China is not to to balme for everything but they certaily have bolstered him up. China may be paying attention or whatever but supporting dictators is really distasteful and that's it.
onabanana onabanana 8 years
...And while China doesn't have a flawless track record in who and where it chooses to lend its support I think the west has done a much more plum job of divide and conquer. For every negative there is also a positive...China certainly does business with some shady characters (their official stance is to not meddle with the internal politics of others , tru or not that's the country line) but China is also paying attention to Africa, while most other countries would rather throw a few dollars at it call it charity and call it a day. China's large scale investment in Africa has resulted in providing water, power and roads. Developing countries complain when loans come with too many restrictions but when the Chinese come in willing to do business with anyone, Suddenly people act as if the big bad "China man" is going to take over.
onabanana onabanana 8 years
...And while China doesn't have a flawless track record in who and where it chooses to lend its support I think the west has done a much more plum job of divide and conquer. For every negative there is also a positive...China certainly does business with some shady characters (their official stance is to not meddle with the internal politics of others , tru or not that's the country line) but China is also paying attention to Africa, while most other countries would rather throw a few dollars at it call it charity and call it a day. China's large scale investment in Africa has resulted in providing water, power and roads. Developing countries complain when loans come with too many restrictions but when the Chinese come in willing to do business with anyone, Suddenly people act as if the big bad "China man" is going to take over.
onabanana onabanana 8 years
You don't speak for All people from Zimbabwe and blaming China for Zimbabwe's issues seems not only unfair but outrageously inaccurate. I think Mungabe had a lot more to do with Zimbabwe's dire state...and taking farms away from the white farmers (which China had little to do with) was one of the most ridiculous moves ever! Bread basket turned empty barrel what a fantastic legacy. Land was turned over to people who had no clue what to do! People on this forum don't know who you are so when you write "They aren't the nicest people either. Makes me sick.." It makes you sound at best hateful.
onabanana onabanana 8 years
You don't speak for All people from Zimbabwe and blaming China for Zimbabwe's issues seems not only unfair but outrageously inaccurate. I think Mungabe had a lot more to do with Zimbabwe's dire state...and taking farms away from the white farmers (which China had little to do with) was one of the most ridiculous moves ever! Bread basket turned empty barrel what a fantastic legacy. Land was turned over to people who had no clue what to do! People on this forum don't know who you are so when you write "They aren't the nicest people either. Makes me sick.." It makes you sound at best hateful.
nyaradzom2001 nyaradzom2001 8 years
onabanana i'm speaking from a point of view of people in zimbabwe and the AU is useless everyone knows it's the dictators club they won't let another one go down because tomorrow it might be them being told to get off. It's not china bashing the truth hurts but it's the truth. China came into zimbabwe took over many farms during the land reform which ruined our economy and did nothing. there a multi-billion US dollar project touted by china and our government called the Nuanetsio irraigation project which was supposed to bring us back from the dark ages and 8 years later nothing. The operation clean up happened at the behest of the chinese. there is noone to blame in zimbabwe except the government and the chinese government which backs them. if china pulled out completely the president would have no choice but to leave. I wans't trying to be racist in any way but that's the way it is in reality in my country not in a perfect politically correct world!
minaminamina minaminamina 8 years
The Western world won't call out China because they taught China how to take over, seperate, and manipulate African nations in order to make money - and we still do. China is a huge part of this problem, but don't forget American and European governments and corporations reap the benefits of this horrible situation as well.Also, CitizenSugar - you're a bit off. ALL Sudanese people are "Arab" AND "African", and for the most part, "Black African"- you mean to make a distinction between tribes/nationalists, not ethnicities.
minaminamina minaminamina 8 years
The Western world won't call out China because they taught China how to take over, seperate, and manipulate African nations in order to make money - and we still do. China is a huge part of this problem, but don't forget American and European governments and corporations reap the benefits of this horrible situation as well. Also, CitizenSugar - you're a bit off. ALL Sudanese people are "Arab" AND "African", and for the most part, "Black African"- you mean to make a distinction between tribes/nationalists, not ethnicities.
onabanana onabanana 8 years
China Basing = Semi-Raciest.
onabanana onabanana 8 years
China Basing = Semi-Raciest.
onabanana onabanana 8 years
While "other" not "all"
onabanana onabanana 8 years
While "other" not "all"
onabanana onabanana 8 years
....And why don't we talk about how the African Union is useless? Or why the leaders of other nations sit ideally by while all countries like Zimbabwe is ruled by a dictator. hardly a word because everyone is too concerned about their own seat of power... Why don't we talk about the tribalism that exits? How about that?
onabanana onabanana 8 years
I think China bashing is very trendy these days. Things are going wrong lets blame China! I don't deny that China both externally and internally has issues but no country has a flawless track record especially when dealing with Africa. China's investment in Africa is in part a pragmatic means of seeking out resources, such as oil. China didn't put those dictators in place and though many would like to believe that China is out take over the world I assure you they have more important matters to tend to. And statements like "They aren't the nicest people either. Makes me sick.." are disgusting!!!!
onabanana onabanana 8 years
I think China bashing is very trendy these days. Things are going wrong lets blame China! I don't deny that China both externally and internally has issues but no country has a flawless track record especially when dealing with Africa. China's investment in Africa is in part a pragmatic means of seeking out resources, such as oil. China didn't put those dictators in place and though many would like to believe that China is out take over the world I assure you they have more important matters to tend to. And statements like "They aren't the nicest people either. Makes me sick.." are disgusting!!!!
nyaradzom2001 nyaradzom2001 8 years
finn yeah that was back in the day but now it really doesn't do much. Yes some children are going there on scholarships but essentially countries like Sweden, Denmark, Germany and canada are providing scholarships and building schools. I know that it trained a lot of men in power now and a lot of military leaders went there and the secret police of most African countries received some Chinese and North Korean training. China gives me the heeby jebebies over 800 000 people's homes were destroyed in my country in one week apparently because the chinese felt informal traders, who were the worst affected by these demolitions were stealing their businesses. They aren't the nicest people either. Makes me sick to know that if they aren't stopped they will have all Africa under their thumb.
pequeña pequeña 8 years
I had no idea that the China finances the military of most African countries, and I agree, China won't be called out. I hope the 2008 Olympics will be an opportunity to rasie awarness about the Darfur situation. China is not a democratic country, and there's still a long way to go until freedom of speech exists there. I have a friend working there as a journalist for a TV channel. He wrote an article and the authorities didn't exactly like it, so they didn't let him leave the country and detained him for a long time. Finally, he gave up and eliminated the article. Everything works this way there, it is always very hard for him to do his work.
CoconutPie CoconutPie 8 years
China did and does finance the education. Maybe not the basic education, but from 1955 to 1990, China gave tons of scholarships to African students (mostly the elites) so that they could pursue higher studies in China. Those young Africans would go spend a few years in China to get a "perfect Marxist-Leninist education" and then go back to Africa in the hope of making the Chinese influence even stronger in the highest levels of the African governments and facilitating China's implementation in Africa. It was like a giant brainwash.
nyaradzom2001 nyaradzom2001 8 years
china finances the military of most African countries but not education or healthcare systems the west still invest and donates heavily in those two areas. The thing is it has led to resentment against the chinese in quite a few of the countries they have "colonised" and one day soon what happened to the indians in Uganda will happen to the chinese, all it takes is one wrong move. In my country we say unlike the Brtish who built the chinese destroy. they have brought nothing but hardships to my country.
CoconutPie CoconutPie 8 years
China started "investing" massively in Africa in the 1950s. It was one of the first countries that established diplomatic relations with the newly independent African countries. They're not afraid to invest where Americans and Europeans retract themselves because of conflicts or violence. More than 50% of the petrol exported by Sudan goes to China. And to make sure its supply would not go down, China used its veto right at the UN Security Council to make sure Sudan would not be sanctioned for all the atrocities that are going on. The situation is similar in Sierra Leone too. To obtain the monopoly of exploitation (uranium, petrol) in certain areas, China sponsors and finances the military, the education, and the health care systems of many African countries. China finances a big number of conflicts in order to continue exploiting the African resources more freely. Chine is almost the new colonial power. It's even worse.
nyaradzom2001 nyaradzom2001 8 years
noone will call out china, how do they begin to call out china without causing some diplomatc snafus and china adopting a reactionary stance.
blondie01 blondie01 8 years
my gosh...I knew about the Darfur situation but I had no idea China has been aiding the rebels!!! I hope China is called out
terryt18 terryt18 8 years
I don't even know what to say about this. It's terribly sad and unfortunate. In America, we really have no concept of the devastation and mass-murder occurring in the Congo. You can say 200,000 people dead, but what does that really mean? It's easy think of $200K abstractly, eg what would I buy, but 200,000 people, each with their own hopes, dreams, families, lives...it's daunting to really see the scope of death in that country.
CitizenSugar CitizenSugar 8 years
Thanks nyaradzom2001. I think China's influence in Africa is certainly something to pay close attention to!
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