These seclusive birds get their name because they're found along the shores of deeply indented bays – aka fjords – on the southern and southwestern coasts of New Zealand. Breeding in rugged coastal rainforests they nest individually, or in loose colonies, close to the water.
Size: About 17 inches tall and 8 lbs.
Spotworthy: Fjordland crested penguins have yellow crests which originate close to the bills and sweep back like eyebrows drooping down to the back of the head. The black cheek feathers often part to expose their blue pale bases, giving them a striped or mottled effect. The head, throat, and upperparts are black and underparts are white.