Fougère, which means "fern" in French, is a fragrance family including fresh, floral, herbaceous and woody/warm elements, typically blended with notes like: bergamot, oakmoss, lavender, coumarin (tonka bean), sandalwood, and geranium. While a fern doesn't have a distinctive smell per se, this particular fragrance classification implies a mossy green, forest-like aroma.
Pronounced "foozh-air," fragrances from this group take their name from the 1885 scent, Houbigant's Fougère Royale. Although predominately found in men's fragrances, fougères are popular in several women's fragrances, as well.
Classic examples? Davidoff Cool Water ($48 to $65), with notes of Lavender, Rosemary, Mint, Coriander, Orange Blossom, Jasmine, Geranium, Sandalwood, Moss, Ambergris, and Musk. Also, Revlon Jean Nate ($16.99), which has notes of lemon, bergamot, lavender, rose, jasmine, muguet, geranium, spices, amber, musk, and patchouli.