The Right Way to Eat Fat
Americans are learning that eating fat is a good thing, and Dave Asprey, the founder and CEO of Bulletproof, has some pointers on the right way to incorporate this essential nutrient.
For decades, we've been bombarded with one of the most pervasive myths in nutrition and marketing — that fat is bad. Fortunately, modern science shows us that the right fats make us strong, lean, and vibrant. Fat is the foundation of the Bulletproof lifestyle based on years of research. I've learned which fats turn off cravings, fuel the brain, and support our hormones and overall wellbeing to kick ass every day.
The fat-is-bad for you theory has been the cornerstone of dietary habits since the 1950s. Scientist Ancel Keys, armed with some persuasive evidence, blew up nutrition stating that saturated fat caused heart disease. The low-fat diet mania erupted with every Donald Draper and well-intentioned doctor pushing this concept, regardless that Keys later found his data didn't fit his study model.
Breathe deep, rejoice. The reign of low-fat, no-fat, and calorie counting is finally over. Let's debunk the two biggest fat myths:
Myth One: Low-fat diets are healthy
Low-fat diets are pure torture and for good reason. A healthy female body is about 29 percent fat and male 15 percent. Your body needs fat. Our brain contains fat. Do you think clearly when dieting? I surely don't.
When food chemists began to fabricate low-fat foods, they swapped fat with sugar and protein. These synthesized foods lead to higher spikes in insulin and cortisol (the stress hormone), and energy crashes. Research shows that when eating these fake foods, there's also a greater risk of heart disease, cancer, diabetes, thyroid problems, leptin resistance and you guessed it — weight gain.
For women, fats are vital for balancing hormones and fertility. During pregnancy DHA (Omega-3 fat), the building block for forming healthy brains, are held in a woman's fat cells. Our brains are made up of 10 percent of DHA. Since our bodies don't produce Omega-3s on their own, it's vital we get them from our diet whether it's for your baby's brain or your own.
Myth Two: Eating Fat Makes You Fat
If you take into consideration that a calorie is just a calorie, you should be able to lose weight eating Twinkies, right? Wrong. It's all about the type of calories you eat. Studies show that people who eat high-fat diets feel fuller faster and have fewer food cravings; and therefore, lose weight.
Good Fats vs. Bad Fats
Fat is the most vital anti-inflammatory macronutrient. I've found that fat isn't all good or all bad, though. It's more complex, so I developed food hacks that balance the right types of fat to make up 50-70 percent of my daily diet.
So, what are the right kinds of fats?
I use two hard and fast rules. First, I look at the how long the fat molecule is. For edible fats, the shorter the fat, the rarer and more anti-inflammatory it is. For this reason and more, I use grass-fed butter and coconut oil as go-to fats.
The second rule is to consider how stable the fat is. Fat molecules oxidize when oxygen enters. When fat oxidizes, it releases free radicals into your food that, once eaten, can cause all kinds of inflammation. The most stable fats are saturated because they have fewer places for oxygen to infiltrate the molecule, followed by mono-saturated fats. Unsaturated fats are mostly unstable, but we still need some like Omega-3s, which are heart protective, increase brain function, regulate cholesterol, and fight cancer.
Top 8 Fats For Your Health
I've created a Bulletproof roadmap around foods that fuel your body based on a foundation of fat. From best to worst, here's how I rate them:
Grass Fed Animal Fat (Not Poultry)
These fats are high in essential fatty acids, minerals, proteins anti-oxidants and valuable fat-soluble vitamins.
Butter made from grass-fed cows is high in fat-soluble vitamins A, E, D and K, and antioxidants.
Virgin Coconut Oil
This oil has the most saturated fats than any other food, making it very stable.
This is a liquid coconut oil extract that is almost pure medium- and short-chain fats. This is an upgrade, packing six times more MCTs (medium chain triglyceride oil) than regular coconut oil.
Fish and Krill Oils
These types of oils are chockfull of beneficial Omega-3s.
Fermented Cod Liver Oil
One of the most nutrient dense foods on earth, fermented cod liver oil is contains fat-soluble vitamins, anti-oxidants, minerals, and fatty acids.
Pastured Duck and Goose Fat
High in nutrients and brain boosting cholesterol, but these products are hard to find. Their fat is more resistant to oxidation than chicken, but less than beef and lamb.
The skin in pasture-raised chickens is high in Omega-6s, where most of its fat exists.