Surrogacy is a hotly debated issue among ethicists, medical professionals, politicians, and pretty much anyone else who read New York Times writer Alex Kuczynski's highly publicized — and often vilified —account of her experience with surrogacy in the 2008 story, "Her Body, My Baby". The process begins with the creation of an embryo by the prospective biological parents using some form of assisted reproductive technology (ART) like IVF. The embryo is then implanted into the uterus of the surrogate, also called a gestational carrier, who will carry the baby to term. Emotionally and legally complex, surrogacy laws differ from state to state, and country to country.
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