While international adoption investigations hope to end corruption, what happens to children in need of families? According to a New York Times report placing suspensions and more stringent guidelines on the process has had a major impact on American couples seeking to adopt kids from countries like Vietnam and Guatemala. It said :

A major change in the adoption landscape is the Hague Convention on Intercountry Adoption, a treaty involving more than 70 countries and recently signed by the United States. It establishes new accreditation requirements for adoption agencies and protections against child trafficking. Many in the adoption field expect the treaty to stop the commercial industry that boomed in many countries as demand for international adoptions rose. Ultimately, the regulations are expected to benefit the children and those wanting to adopt them.

The rights of the biological parents and their offspring should first and foremost be protected, but in looking into adoptions on a case by case basis, many potential adoptees and families hoping to welcome them will wait in limbo. It said:

The world began watching as international adoptions more than tripled from early 1990, reaching as many as 22,884 in 2004 in the United States, which registers more international adoptions than all other countries combined. But the number of such adoptions has steadily decreased over the last three years, to 19,400 in 2007, and adoption experts expect the decline to continue for several years.