Dear Latinx Celebrities: You Don't Need to Be Anti-Black to Be Pro-Latinx
Eva Longoria joined the growing list of Latinx celebrities called out for anti-Blackness when she undermined the vital role Black women voters and community leaders played in the presidential election during an MSNBC interview. Though 90 percent of Black women voters opted for Biden, helping turn Georgia blue for the first time in nearly 30 years thanks in part to former gubernatorial candidate Stacey Abrams, Longoria called Latinas "the real heroines" of the Democrats' win; about 70 percent of Latina voters voted for Biden. The Desperate Housewives actress was met with immediate backlash on social media from users who believed her statements to be anti-Black — and they weren't wrong.
Announcements of Black milestones in the industry are often followed by Latinx celebrities reducing those advances to mere stepping stones.
There's a troubling pattern in Hollywood: announcements of Black milestones in the industry are often followed by Latinx celebrities reducing those advances to mere stepping stones. The spirit of the argument for Latinx representation then becomes "Why them and not us?" instead of "Yay for them, now time for us." Adding insult to injury, these comments regularly overlook or blatantly ignore the accomplishments of Black creatives who also identify as Latinx.
Jane the Virgin's Gina Rodriguez has become notorious for this, falsely claiming that Black actresses are paid more than Latina actresses in 2018, and calling out Marvel for a lack of Latinx representation after Black Panther's 2017 announcement, disregarding Zoe Saldana's and Rosario Dawson's leading roles in the franchise. Comedian John Leguizamo made similar comments this summer, sharing a Los Angeles Times article detailing the high number of Emmy nominations for Black entertainers with "Why can't we Latinx have a piece of the pie?"
Dascha Polanco (Orange Is the New Black), who was recently criticized for using a GIF of a topless African woman for a celebratory post-election tweet, responded to a reply of Leguizamo's Emmys tweet. "If Its only us speaking up on it, no one cares," she wrote. "It's the silence from those that fight for equality but only their equality. Diversity but Diverse enough to include thyself That mentality of 'As long as I'm good; I don't see a damn thing.'" This rhetoric is meant to highlight industry failings on behalf of the Latinx community, but only division and blame is produced by directly linking Black progress to Latinx stagnation.
While artists from all marginalized communities undoubtedly deserve increased equity and opportunity, each accomplishment for respective demographics should not set off a rush for the presumed last slice of diversity pie. This recurring battle between POC stars for the representation spotlight plays into a white supremacist system that habitually pits communities of color against each other, and more often than not, exposes a deeply embedded presence of anti-Blackness.
Within the Latinx community, a history of anti-Blackness dates back to the Spanish colonization of Latin America, where a caste system structured by race viewed Black people as bottom-tier. Casta paintings, 18th-century lineage guides that prejudicially depicted racial mixing, even warned that bearing children with a Black person would lead to subpar, ill-mannered children. Similar to how white supremacy is still alive and thriving, anti-Black sentiment is still present in the Latinx community and is most discernible in the hesitation to wholly accept Afro-Latinxs as Latinxs and Afro-Latinx wins as Latinx wins.
Longoria's decision to crown Latina voters as heroines and render her earlier celebration of Black women voters as a second-place consolation prize stems from a false notion that there has to be a winner. Black and brown communities face similar racially rooted barriers to success in entertainment and the nation as a whole, and it is imperative to recognize that their struggles and experiences are not one and the same. And even though a win for the Black community does not always equal a win for the Latinx community, it should never be seen as a loss.
Sidelined communities have been conditioned to treat diversity and representation as a revolving door in which one has to wait their turn to cross the barrier. Though this view was born out of the uphill battle to make change, it prevents people of color from infiltrating spaces together. The instinct to jump into the door when there's an opening comes with cramming a community who desperately fought for their space into a corner. Anti-Black may seem a harsh label for celebrities whose only intentions are to raise awareness for their community. However, harsh is the nature of a centuries-long fight for fairness, and any action that serves to detract or redirect focus from continued Black success, no matter the reason, is by definition anti-Black.
So instead of playing into the white supremacist's game of a revolving door, stepping over one another to reach the inner circle, activists of color need to instead address the biases in their own communities that prevent them from dismantling the door altogether.