Your Guide to Every Single Member of the British Royal Family
The British royal family is the most-talked about blue-blooded reigning family . . . and packing on so much star power and good looks (and drama), are you really that surprised?
Although most people probably know that Queen Elizabeth II is the current monarch of the United Kingdom — and 15 other countries (yes, really) — you might not know exactly how her family tree breaks down, including who comes second, third, and fourth in line for the throne. Luckily for you, we're also major fans of the royal family and have taken on the complicated task of breaking it all down for you.
This is everything you need to know about who's who in the Windsor family, beginning with the ultimate matriarch, Queen Elizabeth II. But while reading, keep in mind that with a new baby on the way for the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge, everyone after Princess Charlotte will be bumped a spot in 2018!
Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip
Despite being the daughter or the royal "spare," Queen Elizabeth II became second in line for the throne after her uncle, King Edward VIII, abdicated the throne in 1936, and therefore her father, King George VI, took over as reigning monarch in 1937. In 1952, when her father passed away, she inherited the throne and was officially sworn in at the age of 27 on June 2, 1953.
Queen Elizabeth II has been married to Prince Philip since 1947 and has been the reigning monarch for more than 60 years. Clearly, the queen knows how to make both her love life and her career work for decades upon decades.
Together, the Queen and Prince Philip have four children, Prince Charles, Princess Anne, Prince Andrew, and Prince Edward. While Queen Elizabeth II has been in charge of the United Kingdom for more than half a century, she will most likely hand over the crown to her eldest son, Prince Charles, within the next few years.
Prince Charles and Camilla Parker Bowles
As the eldest child of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Prince Charles (or Charles, Prince of Wales) is the next in line for the throne. When his mother, who is the longest-reigning monarch in the country's history, does decided to step down, or passes away, he will be the rightful ruler of the UK.
As you probably already know, Prince Charles has two children, Prince William and Prince Harry, with his late ex-wife, Princess Diana. After the two divorced in 1996, he found love again with Camilla, now Duchess of Cornwall, whom he wed in 2005.
Prince William, Kate Middleton, and Their Family
Now, for the royal family who continually catches our attention: the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge and their adorable children! Prince William is the first born son (and child) of Prince Charles and Princess Diana and is therefore second in line for the throne, behind his father.
In 2011, Prince William married Kate Middleton, and they assumed the titles of the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge. In 2013, the couple had their first child, a son named Prince George of Cambridge, who is third in line for the throne. His little sister, Princess Charlotte of Cambridge, who was born in 2015, is fourth in line.
The good news is that although it's unlikely that Princess Charlotte would become the next queen — her brother or father or both would have to abdicate the throne for her to inherit it — based on the new Succession to the Crown Act, which was changed in 2013, then put into place in 2015, she can become queen, no matter what, even if her mother, who is currently pregnant with baby number three, has another boy. In the past, all male heirs would jump their sisters in line for the throne, but Princess Charlotte's younger sibling won't be able to do that, and that's a big deal.
Oh, Prince Harry, always a prince and never a king! As the second son of Prince Charles and Princess Diana, Prince Harry (who was born in 1984) was initially third in the line of ascension, but once his nephew and niece came along, he was bumped to fifth. He will become the sixth in line once his next nephew or niece is born sometime in 2018, and he's totally OK with just being a prince.
Prince Andrew, Princess Eugenie, and Princess Beatrice
Here's where things get a little tricky. Prince Andrew, the second son, but third child of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip is sixth in line for the throne. His daughters, whom he had with his now ex-wife, Sarah Ferguson, Princess Beatrice of York (on the right), born in 1988, and Princess Eugenie of York (on the left), born in 1990, are seventh and eighth in line respectively.
While that seems pretty straightforward, it's actually totally messed up, because Prince Andrew, Duke of York, is actually the third child from the current monarch. Since the second born is a girl, Princess Anne, the throne skipped over her (it was all about male heirs back in the day) and went to Prince Andrew after the eldest, Prince Charles. Luckily, that is no longer the rule, but tough break for the females in the royal family before 2013, right?
Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex, and His Family
In case we didn't say it enough times, the 1701 Act of Settlement existed when all of the queen's children were born, which is why her youngest son, Prince Edward, the Earl of Wessex, jumped his sister for his spot in the succession for the crown. Prince Edward, born in 1964, is ninth in line for the crown right now. He is married to Sophie, Countess of Wessex, and together they have two children.
Despite the fact that their daughter is older — Lady Louise Windsor was born in 2003 — her younger brother, James Viscount Severn, born in 2007, follows his father in line. That makes James Viscount Severn 10th in line and Lady Louise 11th.
Princess Anne and Her Family
Princess Anne, the Princess Royal was born in 1950 and is the second child of the ruling queen and her husband. In 1973, Princess Anne married Captain Mark Phillips, and together they had two children, before getting divorced in 1992. The Princess Royal comes in at the 12th spot in line, and her children follow — her son comes first (this time he is the oldest).
Peter Phillips is 13th in line for the throne, and thanks to his lovely wife, Autumn Kelly Phillips, their two daughters, Savanah, and Isla, come in at 14th and 15th. The 16th spot in the long line of people who can become monarch is held by Peter's younger sister, Zara Phillips Tindall.
Zara is a professional equestrian (she is on the left in the photo) and is married to Mike Tindall. They have one daughter, Mia (who is also in the photo above), born in 2014, who is 17th in line to be queen. This is where Queen Elizabeth II's direct descendants end in the line of succession ... at least for now!
David Armstrong-Jones and His Family
Next comes David Armstrong-Jones, the second Earl of Snowdon, who is the eldest child of Princess Margaret, who was Queen Elizabeth II's younger sister. He is 18th in line for the throne, followed by his children.
His son, Charles Armstrong-Jones, Viscount Linley, who was born in 1999, is number 19, followed by his daughter, Lady Margarita Armstrong-Jones (photographed here with her father and grandaunt), born in 2002, who comes in at number 20.
Lady Sarah Chatto and Her Family
Lady Sarah Chatto is the daughter of the late Princess Margaret and niece to the queen. She is also the youngest grandchild of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother. Her family falls after her older brother, David, in line for succession. Lady Sarah is at the 21st spot, and her two sons, with husband Daniel Chatto, follow her. Their eldest, Samuel Chatto, is number 22, and their youngest, Arthur Chatto, is number 23.
Prince Richard, Duke of Gloucester, and Birgitte, Duchess of Gloucester
This is where things start to get a little crazier! Prince Richard, Duke of Gloucester, is the cousin to Queen Elizabeth II (on her paternal side), and son of the late Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester. He is married to Birgitte, Duchess of Gloucester, and 24th in line for the throne.
The Duke of Gloucester is actually a pretty hands-on royal and is described as a full-time working member of the Royal Family on its official website. He attends public events both nationally and internationally and is associated with more than 150 charities.
Prince Richard has three children, a son and two daughters. His eldest son is Alexander Windsor, Earl of Ulster, who is 25th in line for the throne followed by his two children, Xan Windsor or Lord Culloden at 26, and Lady Cosima Windsor at 27. Prince Richard's middle child is Lady Davina Lewis, who is 28th in line, followed by her two children, Senna Lewis at 29 and Tane Lewis at 30. Her younger sister and Prince Richard's youngest daughter, Lady Rose Gilman, is 31st in line for the crown and also has two children, Lyla Gilman (number 32) and Rufus Gilman (number 33).
Prince Edward, Duke of Kent, and His Family
As another one of the Queen's cousins, this time a child of her uncle Prince George, Prince Edward, the Duke of Kent, is 34th in line for her title. He is the eldest son of Prince George, who was the fourth son of King George V. Prince Edward was previously the Vice Chairman of the Overseas Trade Board and eventually of the British Trade International.
He has three children, George, Earl of St. Andrews, Lady Helen Taylor (photographed here with her father), and Lord Nicholas Windsor. Only two of his three children are in line for the throne. His son Nicholas converted to Catholicism and therefore is no longer allowed to ascend the throne, in accordance with the Succession to the Crown Act 2013, which says if you marry Catholic you can still be in line, but if you convert, you're out.
Despite marrying a Catholic, George, the Earl of St. Andrews, is 35th in line for the throne, followed by his youngest child, Lady Amelia Windsor at number 36. George has two other children, son Edward Windsor, and daughter Lady Marina-Charlotte Windsor, but they both converted to Catholicism (like their mother) and are therefore not allowed to inherit the throne.
Prince Edward's youngest son, Nicholas, might not be eligible for the throne, but according to MSN, his children are not Roman Catholics — although they were baptized — so they are still in the running. Therefore Nicolas's eldest son, Albert Windsor, is number 37 in line for the throne, followed by his two brothers, Leopold Windsor at 38 and Louis Windsor at 39.
Lady Helen Taylor comes in at the 40th spot, followed by her children, Columbus Taylor at 41, Cassius Taylor at 42, Eloise Taylor at 43, and Estella Taylor at 44.
Prince Michael of Kent and His Family
Prince Michael of Kent (far right in the photo above) is another first cousin to the Queen (and brother to Prince Edward, Duke of Kent). When he was born, he was eighth in line for the throne, according to his official website, but now sits at spot 45.
He married Baroness Marie-Christine von Reibnitz in 1978 and lost his right of succession because the now-princess is a Roman Catholic. He was later given back his right of succession, thanks to the Succession Act of 2013, which says if you marry a Catholic you can keep your spot in line and your title.
The couple has two children: their eldest son, Lord Frederick Windsor, is 46th in line for the throne and his two children, Maud Windsor and Isabella Windsor, come in line after him (at number 47 and 48). Prince Michael's second child, Lady Gabriella Windsor is 49th on the royal family tree.
Princess Alexandra is the sister to Prince Michael of Kent and Prince Edward and therefore falls behind them and their families in the line of succession. Her official title is Princess Alexandra, the Honourable Lady Ogilvy, and she is also a first cousin to Queen Elizabeth II. She comes in at the 50th spot in the line to the throne and is followed by her children and grandchildren.
Her eldest son, James Ogilvy, is 51st on the list, and his children, Alexander Ogilvy and Flora Ogilvy, come after (at number 52 and 53). Alexandra's daughter Marina Mowatt takes the 54th spot, followed by her children Christian Mowatt at 55 and Zenouska Mowatt at 56.